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Acre (1191–1291)

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Chapter Summary

The city of Acre, located on the Mediterranean coast to the north of Haifa, was conquered by King Baldwin I of Jerusalem in 1104. Both Hospitallers and Templars established major houses in Acre as they sought to be in the vicinity of the king. The most detailed description of the Templars' headquarters in Acre can be found in the Gestes des Chiprois. Just as the makeup of the Hospitallers' constituency becomes more transparent in the thirteenth century, so do the order's conventual leadership structures. According to the statutes of 1204/6, consulting with the brothers remained the most important form of collective leadership in the Hospitaller convent. Between 1191 and 1291, the Hospitaller convent's high officials, namely the preceptor, the marshal, the hospitaller, the draper, and the treasurer, became an exclusive group.

Keywords:Acre; Hospitallers' constituency; leadership structures; Templars



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