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Jerusalem (1099/1120–1187/91)

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Chapter Summary

Modern-day visitors to Jerusalem look largely in vain for the medieval headquarters of the Hospitallers because, with the exception of the Church of St. John the Baptist, the order's buildings served as a quarry for the rebuilding of the city's walls in the sixteenth century and, beginning in 1893, the Church of the Redeemer was erected on a section of the Hospitallers' former premises. Beyond the conventual leadership structures, two additional titles surfaced during the Jerusalem phase of the two communities' history that would later feature prominently in their organizational structures, namely 'castellan' (castellanus) and 'bailiff' (bailli ). The central convent of Hospitallers and Templars featured officials, such as the seneschal, the constable, and the marshal, that one would usually expect at a princely court. The Hospitallers' first major internal crisis involving the order's conventual officials was caused by the resignation of the Master Gilbert of Assailly.

Keywords:Hospitallers; Jerusalem; Master Gilbert of Assailly; princely court; Templars



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