Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here


Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This chapter examines subordination in the normative sources and in the contemporary sagas, proceeding from terms for obedience and service. The words for obedience are Old Norse lýðni and Latin obedientia, and for service Old Norse þjónusta and Latin servitia. There are several reasons for focusing on these terms. First, the terms are central in the normative sources. Second, this is one of the relatively few cases where Old Norse words have obvious parallels in Latin terms. Third, and most important, lýðni and þjónusta indicate a form of subordination that differs clearly from subordination based on friendship. The chapter shows how an ideology based on absolute subordination was introduced and brought into use in Norway in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. It gives a brief chronological survey of the use of the terms in the normative sources.

Keywords: ideal subordination; Latin obedientia; Latin servitia; normative sources; Norway; obedience; Old Norse þjónusta; Old Norse lýðni



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Unpredictability and Presence — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation