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Pauperes And The First Crusade: From The Preaching Of The Crusade To The Rise Of The Visionaries

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Chapter Summary

The key study of the role of the pauperes on the First Crusade was that of Walter Porges, whose emphasised the importance of the role of the large numbers of clergy present in acting as the guardians of the common welfare, with responsibility above all for the poor. This chapter, among other things, discusses an alliance between the pauperes and the familiares of Count Raymond of Toulouse that drove their prince on to Jerusalem, both from ʿArqa and from an attempt to stall at Tripoli. Several visionaries came forward, two of whom were very explicitly connected to the pauperes of the Christian forces and both with a similar message, that God would aid the Christians if they sought battle with Kerbogha. These were: Stephen of Valence and Peter Bartholomew.

Keywords:First Crusade; Kerbogha; pauperes; Peter Bartholomew; Stephen of Valence; visionaries; Walter Porges

10.1163/ej.9789004166653.i-324.17
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