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The Eyewitnesses

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Chapter Summary

The major Latin eyewitness accounts of the First Crusade consist of the anonymously written Gesta Francorum, a near identical version of the same text by Peter Tudebode, Raymond of Aguilers's Historia Francorum and Fulcher of Chartres's Historia Hierosolymitana. Each of the eyewitnesses had a distinct perspective on the events they wrote about and, although sharing a similar social vocabulary, reveal a considerable difference in emphasis in their writing about the social structure of the expedition. The first redaction of the Historia Hierosolymitana was Fulcher's account of the First Crusade from the Council of Clermont, 18-28 November 1095, and the history of the Kingdom of Jerusalem up until victory of King Baldwin I at Ramleh, 27 August 1105. Much of the history is that of an eyewitness, although once Baldwin's contingent had left the main army for Tarsus, Fulcher had to depend on other accounts for his narrative of their experience.

Keywords:eyewitnesses; First Crusade; Fulcher of Chartres; Gesta Francorum; Historia Francorum; Historia Hierosolymitana; King Baldwin I

10.1163/ej.9789004166653.i-324.7
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