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'Imperial' Monenergism-Monothelitism Versus Dyenergism-Dyothelitism

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores simultaneously (to the degree that existing sources allow) the 'imperial' or 'Chalcedonian' Monenergism- Monothelitism and Dyenergism-Dyothelitism, with the objective of clarifying the similarities and differences between the two oposing doctrines. Owing to a common neo-Chalcedonian background, adherents of both Monenergite-Monothelite and Dyenergite-Dyothelite doctrines accepted the oneness of Christ as a fundamental starting point. In one of the earliest Dyenergist- Dyothelite texts, the encyclical of Sophronius, a statement of faith on the two energeiai and wills begins with a reference to Christ's oneness. The approaches of the contending parties to the issue of relations between the energeiai and their subject (One-Who-Acts) had certain points in common as well as essential differences. Both groups accepted that Christ, singly, is subject of all his actions.

Keywords:Dyenergism-Dyothelitism; energeiai; imperial Monenergism- Monothelitism; neo-Chalcedonian



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