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Early Monenergisms

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Chapter Summary

There had been at least four forms of Christological doctrine that promoted emphatically a single energeia and will. The first, established at the dawn of the Christological controversies by Apollinarius, firmly placed Christological problems on the agenda of Christian theology. The Antiochian Theodore of Mopsuestia produced his own Christology which opposed that of Apollinarius. The Alexandrian tradition, personified by Severus of Antioch, presented a new version of a single energeia and will; it contrasted with the Antiochian understanding. In the seventh century, a new type of Monenergism-Monothelitism was articulated in the framework of the neo-Chalcedonian or Cyrillic Chalcedonian interpretation of Christological doctrine. Paradoxically, the doctrine on the two wills and the two activities in Christ (Dyenergism- Dyothelitism), which opposed Monenergism-Monothelitism, also arose from neo-Chalcedonianism. Anti-Chalcedonians also regarded the theopaschite formula as an expression of their faith.

Keywords:anti-Chalcedonians; Antiochian tradition; Apollinarius of Laodicea; Monenergism-Monothelitism; theopaschite formula

10.1163/ej.9789004166660.i-203.7
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