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Chapter Summary

As the International Criminal Court (ICC) is gathering momentum and facing a growing case-load, it appears necessary to revisit the fundamental concept underpinning the Rome Statute: complementarity. In the field of science, the notion of ?complementarity? is applied in physics, psychology, biology and economics. The foundation of complementarity in philosophy of science is attributed to the Danish Physicist Niels Bohr. Academic discussions on the subject often start from the 1994 International Law Commission?s Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court as though believing that the roots of the idea go back only to 1994. The application of the Rome Statute complementarity model in the context of the Statute is a question that requires a detailed examination of the main provisions governing its application ? namely Articles 17 to 20 of the Statute.

Keywords: International Criminal Court (ICC); International Law Commission; Niels Bohr; Rome Statute



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