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Types of Jurisdiction Exercised

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Chapter Summary

States exercise three kinds of jurisdiction-legislative, executive (administrative) and judicial in three respects: over their territory, individuals (identified as nationals (citizens) or inhabitants) and civil and military organs, including the officials and other members of the organs acting as such. The organic jurisdiction is the only type of jurisdiction which is exercised by all kinds of self-governing communities. The Holy See exercises a jurisdiction over its organs similar to the organic jurisdiction of States. It is necessary to distinguish between jurisdiction over the central organs, the local organs and the members of the Catholic Church. The questions of organic and membership jurisdiction arises with regard to all intergovernmental organizations. They are, in fact, the only types of jurisdiction which are common to all such organizations. Indeed, the organic and, to some extent, the membership jurisdictions are essentially the same in all intergovernmental organizations.

Keywords:Holy See; intergovernmental organizations; membership jurisdiction; organic jurisdiction; personal jurisdiction; self-governing communities; territorial jurisdiction



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