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Foreign Discovery And Documentation Of Nestorian Remains In Inner Mongolia Before 1949

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Chapter Summary

Medieval European rulers, envoys and scholars successively wished, believed and ultimately knew that at some point Christians had settled in the region now called Inner Mongolia. This chapter provides an overview of the foreign research on the Nestorian remains in Inner Mongolia before 1949, including the not very well known contributions of missionaries to the documenting of the early Christian heritage and popular travel writing by foreign researchers. One of the missionary organizations active in Inner Mongolia at the end of the nineteenth century was the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (C.I.C.M.). Between 1923 and the late 1930s the Dane Henning Haslund-Christensen extensively explored the steppe of Inner Mongolia. In 1929 Huang Wenbi, a Chinese member of Sven Hedin's Sino-Swedish Expedition that also Haslund was part of, came upon the ruins of a walled city. Bettina Lum was the only woman among the early researchers.

Keywords:Bettina Lum; Henning Haslund-Christensen; Huang Wenbi; Inner Mongolia; Nestorian remains



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