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Nestorian Grave Sites And Grave Material From Inner Mongolia

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the different Nestorian grave sites and graves in Inner Mongolia. The presentation of this grave material is arranged by type and geographical origin. Before turning to actual graves of Nestorian Christians among the Öngüt, the author makes a brief digression and introduces some related discoveries made by a number of early foreign expeditions in the region. The resemblance of the graves documented by Bergman and Gai necessitates an examination of the organization of Turkic graves. The graves presented in the chapter mainly portray Chinese influences indicating that over time the Nestorian Christians in Inner Mongolia moved away from their Turkic burial customs and became, to a certain extent, sinicised. Three Nestorian sites in Inner Mongolia, namely Wangmuliang, Olon Sume and Chengbuzi, feature statues originating from paths approaching the tomb. The Chifeng brick is one of the important Nestorian Christian finds in Inner Mongolia.

Keywords:Öngüt; Chifeng brick; Inner Mongolia; Nestorian Christians; Nestorian grave sites; Olon Sume



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