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Chapter Summary

In Sunwar phonology, the phonological systems of two languages both play a role, namely that of Sunwar and that of Nepali. This chapter shows that the phonological repertoire of Sunwar is similar to that of Nepali. Sunwar has no implosives anymore but that the language once had at least one implosive /ɓ/ can be shown by a comparison of phonetic realisations of the former implosive /ɓ/ in different dialects. Sunwar has eleven vowel phonemes, eight diphthongs, and twenty-two consonantal phonemes. The syllable structure of Sunwar is C1(C2)V1(V2)(C3)(C4). Sunwar has words with more than one syllable that have an optional final vowel. These words can be nouns with or without a suffix as well as verbs. Sunwar speakers make use of different kinds of jingles, some of which occur with nouns and others with verbs. Sunwar jingles function in a fashion which is similar to that of jingles in Nepali.

Keywords: Nepali word; phoneme; Sunwar jingles; Sunwar phonology; syllable structure



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