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Nominal Morphology

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Chapter Summary

Nouns, including pronouns, can take a dual marker (DU) and a plural marker (PL). All case markers in Sunwar are suffixes. When a noun is marked by a dual or plural marker, the case marking suffix follows the number markers. Personal pronouns exist for the three persons in singular, dual and plural. Inclusive and exclusive meanings of pronouns seem to occur only for the first person dual and plural oblique. With the exception of colour adjectives and a few others, adjectives are verbal nouns consisting of a verb stem and the suffix. Several quantifiers in Sunwar are loans from Nepali and occur side by side with quantifiers of Sunwar origin that have the same meaning. The information structure of a phrase can be expressed by a set of conjunctions and postpositions. Numerals and expression of dates used by any of the observed speakers of Sunwar are those from Nepali.

Keywords: adverbs; colour adjectives; plural marker; pronouns; quantifiers; written Sunwar



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