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Finite Verbs

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Chapter Summary

Finite verbs in Sunwar show tense, number and person agreement expressed by suffixes. The Sunwar verb only shows agreement with the subject and thereby differs from other Kiranti languages. Finite verbs have one prefixal slot and seven suffixal slots. Unlike other Kiranti languages, Sunwar has several suffixal conjugations. Sunwar verbs only agree with the subject or agent. Transitivity and intransitivity are morphologically marked in several verb forms. The finite forms of the simplex verb consist of the verb stem and suffixed person and number markers. Sunwar has three verbs that serve as copula. Two of these verbs are indigenous – bācā ‘to stay, to live, to be’ and naṅ ‘to be’. The third copula is borrowed from Nepali – cha ‘to be, to have’. Reciprocity is marked on verbs through suffixation of the reciprocity marker. Auxiliary verbs are used in periphrastic constructions following a verbal complement which they modify.

Keywords: auxiliary verbs; intransitivity; Kiranti languages; reciprocity marker; Sunwar verb



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