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Shining Like A Star Man. Iranian Elements In The Gospel Of Judas

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Chapter Summary

Astrology had increased in popularity in the second century C.E. When the Gospel of Judas was written the most important astrological works were already composed: the Anthologiae of Vettius Valens, the Paranatellonta of Teucros of Babylon, the Carmen Astrologicum of Doroteus Sidonius and above all the Tetrabiblos which, together with the Almagest, represents the masterpiece of Claudius Ptolemy. The orderly movement of the fixed stars was actually considered absolutely positive, as a sort of testimony to the cosmic order of Ahura Mazdā, while the disorderly movement of the shooting stars appeared to be absolutely negative and dangerous. This chapter introduces some observations about the use of the term Aiōn in the Gospel of Judas. In some passages there is a juxtaposition between this corruptible Aiōn and the Aiōn of Light, the future Aiōn or the Aiōn to come.

Keywords: astrology; fixed star; Gospel of Judas



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