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The Book Of Enoch Or Books Of Enoch ? The Textual Evidence For 1 Enoch

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Chapter Summary

The aim of this chapter is to show that the Aramaic text of the Book of Enoch known from the Dead Sea fragments, the Greek translation, and the Ethiopic version cannot simply be equated, but represent different stages in the development of a text that underwent an extended process of evolution. It has been claimed that some small papyrus fragments (some from Oxyrhyncus, some from Qurman) also contain bits of the Greek text, but the identification of some of these as fragments of 1 Enoch is uncertain. In total, the witnesses provide a Greek text of approximately one third of the book as it is known from the Ethiopic, but the sources are scattered. The Book of Enoch remains one of the most important sources we possess for our knowledge of Judaism in the late Second Temple period.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; Aramaic text; Book of Enoch; Dead Sea fragments; Ethiopic text; Greek text



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