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The Date Of The Parables Of Enoch: A Critical Review

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Chapter Summary

Specific suggestions for dating the Parables of Enoch have to a great extent turned on attempts at identifying the wicked rulers who persecute the righteous. The one passage in the Parables which does seem at first sight to provide some firm evidence for dating is 56:5-8. This passage, somewhat after the style of Ezek 38-39, describes the assault in the last days on the land of Gods chosen ones of the forces of the Parthians and Medes. While accepting some of the main features of Erik Sjöbergs argument, J. C. Hindley rejects his interpretation of 56:5-8, primarily on the grounds that the invasion of the Parthians in 40 B.C.E. was widely welcomed by the Jews, whereas in Enoch the invasion is seen as a hostile event. The author concludes by giving a few reasons for dating the Parables at the end of the first century C.E.

Keywords: Book of Enoch; Erik Sjöberg; J. C. Hindley; Parables of Enoch



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