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The Text-Critical Value Of The Quotations From 1 Enoch In Ethiopic Writings

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Chapter Summary

The Greek Enoch, of which the Ethiopic is a daughter version, is primarily known from only two witnesses: the Akhmim manuscript (Codex Panopolitanus), which dates from the sixth or perhaps the end of the fifth century and contains two incomplete copies of the first section of Enoch, the Book of the Watchers; and the Chester Beatty-Michigan papyrus, which dates from the fourth century and contains an incomplete version of the final section of Enoch, the Epistle. It is plausible to assume that the Book of Enoch was translated into Ethiopic in the fifth or sixth century as part of the translation of the Scriptures as a whole into Geez. The readings attested in the quotations from 1 Enoch in Ethiopic writings provide additional support for the older form of the Ethiopic text of 1 Enoch and help to root this text firmly in the fifteenth century.

Keywords: 1 Enoch; Akhmim manuscript; Ethiopic writings



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