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Chapter Summary

The texts presented in this study have at their core a very simple idea. It is the idea that the Prophet Muḥammad, during his early years, encountered a Christian monk. Each religious community in the Middle East had learned men who were experts at making it clear why its members should be satisfied with the faith and tradition they grew up with. They stressed that adherence to its doctrines and rituals was the one and only path to truth and bliss. The study addresses the question of the evolution of this 'idea' in the light of the development of Eastern Christian apologetics vis-à-vis Islam. It explores the interplay of anti-Muslim polemic and Christian apologetics in the many narratives that revolve around this encounter.

Keywords: anti-Muslim polemic; Christian apologetics; Christian monk; Prophet Muḥammad



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