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Religious Architecture In The Roman Near East: Temples Of The Basalt Lands (Trachon And Hauran)

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Chapter Summary

The Trachon and the Hauran were always regarded as frontier areas, lands on the fringe of the desert, in spite of being relatively close to Damascus to the north and the territories of the Decapolis cities to the west and south. The establishment of provincia Arabia in AD 106 was a turning point in the history of the region. The peripteral temple (23m x 21m) is a very peculiar structure indeed, and its very size, plan and features have no parallel among the temples in the Roman Near East, with the exception of the temple of Helios at Qanawat. The small village of Il-Haiyat is located in the eastern Trachon, the Ledja, 17 km north of Philippopolis. The temple at Il-Haiyat has been surveyed by several travelers during the nineteenth century. This chapter examines both the ?Vitruvian? and the ?non-Vitruvian? ones, mainly according to the typological and architectural criteria.

Keywords: Hauran; Helios; Il-Haiyat; Qanawat; Roman Near East; Trachon; Vitruvian temples



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