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Ephraem Syrus And The Solar Cult

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Chapter Summary

Ephraem Syrus (ca AD 307-73), one of the most famous Syrian theologians, spent most of his life in Nisibis, south of the Tur ?Abdin, where he was born. Like some other Syrian theologians, Ephraem was convinced that paganism was an invention of the devil, but also that, since the coming of Christ, the realm of Satan had gradually become weaker and weaker. The sun cult was not only confined to the neo-Persians, but generally practised in the time of Ephraem. Ephraem?s spiritual world was the Bible. He was very well acquainted with the Old and New Testament. In the Mediterranean world the sun was never the highest god. One exception is Egypt, where the solar cult played a predominant role since the first pharaohs.

Keywords: Bible; Christ; Ephraem Syrus; New Testament; Old Testament; solar cult

10.1163/ej.9789004167353.i-396.67
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