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The Septuagint

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Chapter Summary

The Septuagint was a pioneering work in many ways, and the translators were attempting a project for which there were few standards to guide them. Greek society preferred independently rewritten accounts rather than direct translations. Both the Babylonian priest Berossus and the Egyptian high priest Manetho were completing histories of their respective peoples at approximately the same period. Yet the translation of the Hebrew Pentateuch into Greek in the 3rd century B.C.E. was an event without precedent in the ancient world, and is thus of extreme importance for the history of civilization. Because the LXX translators must always be considered as individuals, book by book, we now consider the quality of the translation of Exodus specifically. The Septuagint, as a translation that reflects the religious understandings and traditions of its target audience, is regarded as one of the earliest witnesses to the history of biblical interpretation.

Keywords:Bible; Egypt; Exodus; Greek; Hebrew Pentateuch; Septuagint



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