Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Disrespecting Dionysus: 3 maccabees as narrative satire of the God of Wine

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

Interpreters of 3 Maccabees, admittedly a relatively small group, have failed to observe that Philopator?s three attempts to exterminate the Jews were each thwarted by common, but pathological side effects of excessive indulgence in wine: sleep, memory loss, and rage. Author identifies the aims of 3 Maccabees as fourfold: hortatory, apologetic, polemical, and etiological. To these he has added a fifth: satirical. People in antiquity knew that intoxication led to a variety of psychological and physical effects. But for a satirical interpretation of 3 Maccabees to be compelling, this chapter shows that (1) the cult of Dionysus was thoroughly associated with wine; (2) the cult was practiced in Egypt, so as to be part of readers? experience, or at least their cultural memory; (3) there are sufficient indications in 3 Maccabees of Dionysian cult and its excesses; and (4) drunkenness was associated in antiquity with sleep, memory loss, and rage.

Keywords: 3 Maccabees; cultural memory; Dionysian cult; drunkenness; Egypt; God of wine; intoxication; Jews; memory loss



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Scripture and Traditions — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation