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Luke’s “Plan of God” from the greek psalter: The rhetorical thrust of “the prophets and the psalms” in Peter’s speech at Pentecost

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Chapter Summary

Luke presents the first and third longest explicit citations of the Jewish scriptures in the New Testament in his Acts 2 Pentecost speech. The author of Luke-Acts, in fact, adds a third quotation that, together with the other two, divides Peter?s address into three discrete movements. Each division features a prophetic utterance from the Septuagint to structure the narratio of Luke?s argument: Joel 3:1?5 in Acts 2:14?21??God says?; Psalms 15:8?11 in Acts 2:22?28??David says?; Ps 109:1 in Acts 2:29?36??he himself [ David] says.? This chapter argues that each of the three citations of Septuagint scripture delineates the essential blueprint of the ?plan of God??first articulated by Peter in Acts 2:23 and utilized by Luke some five other times in Luke-Acts?to encapsulate the divine intent of the ?Lord? of Israel and the nations in the fulfilled messianic salvation.

Keywords: Greek Psalter; Luke; messianic salvation; New Testament; Pentecost speech; Peter; plan of God; Prophetic utterance; Psalms; Septuagint



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