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The jewish symbols panel

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Chapter Summary

Jewish art in Late Antiquity encompassed figurative art as an extensive and essential part. A major, conceptual change occurred at the end of the 2nd century CE, and particularly during the 3rd century, when representational art began to flourish. During this period the Jews developed their own figurative and imagery art, acquired customs and decorative elements from the surrounding cultures, and used pagan motifs, figures, birds, and animals in synagogue and funerary art. A distinctive systematic scheme of nave carpet design appears on several synagogue pavements, consisting of symbolic and narrative panels. The panels are usually divided into (a) a Jewish symbols panel, which is situated in front of the Torah shrine, (b) a central panel decorated with a zodiac scheme, and (c) a third panel, sometimes with a biblical scene.

Keywords:biblical scene; carpet design; figurative art; funerary art; Jewish art; pagan motifs; symbols panel; synagogue pavements; Torah shrine; zodiac scheme



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