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The Syntax Of Prepositions

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the syntax and semantic range of the main prepositions, particularly those that have multiple functions. The preposition b- has a variety of uses. When it takes pronominal suffixes, these are attached to a longer base with the form biy-. The preposition l- has a wide variety of functions. One reason for this is that it is derived from two different prepositions in earlier Aramaic, namely *l-'to, for' and *'al 'upon'. Prepositions with pronominal suffixes that are extended by the genitive particle are attested predominantly with third person suffixes. Since the preposition in these constructions itself carries a pronominal suffix, the use of the genitive particle is redundant. Such 'heavy' coding is often used as a type of end weighting in order to mark some kind of closure. This is reflected by the fact that the constructions are predominantly used at the end of intonation groups.

Keywords: b-; l-; prepositions; pronominal suffix



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