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The Clause

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on some features of the word order of copula clauses. The clauses are divided into three groups according to the type of copula they contain: (i) enclitic copula, (ii) independent copula and (iii) deictic copula. When the subject constituent with the enclitic copula is topically prominent, the nuclear stress remains on the predicate. The topical prominence of the referent arises from the fact that it has been evoked in the immediately preceding discourse. This construction is not regularly used with all subject constituents that have been previously evoked. The purpose of the 'heavy coding' of the initial topical subject is to mark a boundary in the discourse, endowing the clause with a distinctness from what precedes.

Keywords: copula clauses; deictic copula; enclitic copula; independent copula



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