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Consonant Gemination

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses phonetic realization and transcription, the distribution of gemination in the consonant inventory, and the origin of consonant germination. The physical duration of a consonant that is marked as geminate in the transcription varies considerably. As a general rule the duration of a geminate consonant that is preceded by a stress is longer than one that lacks a preceding stress. The chapter presents examples of consonants identified for the gemination of the majority of consonants for some consonants in the phoneme inventory The transcription of gemination does not attempt to reflect the phonetic diversity of individual occurrences of words that has just been described. The choice as to which words gemination should be marked in is based on relative rather than absolute phonetic duration.

Keywords: consonant gemination; consonant inventory; phonetic duration; phonetic realization; phonetic transcription; preceding stress

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