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Word Stress

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Chapter Summary

The position of word stress is largely predictable. Since, however, there is some variation, the place of stress is marked in the transcription on all words that bear it. This chapter discusses independent pronouns, nouns and adjectives, verbs, numerals, and adverbial particles. Independent personal and demonstrative pronouns regularly take the stress on the penultimate syllable. In principle the stress falls on the penultimate syllable in both singular and plural forms. Different patterns of stress are exhibited by (i) verbal forms derived from present and past bases, (ii) imperative forms and (iii) compound verbal forms containing a copula enclitic. When numerals occur independently they regular have penultimate stress, however, when they qualify a following noun, the stress is sometimes placed on the final syllable. The motivation for the shift from the canonical stress position appears to be to give prominence to the numeral.

Keywords: demonstrative pronoun; independent personal pronouns; penultimate syllable; verbs; word stress

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