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‘What was accomplished on the ninth of january’ (January 1905)

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Chapter Summary

Parvus was one of the most controversial and visionary Marxists to participate in the Russian revolution of 1905. Most Social Democrats thought the war would compel the tsar to introduce liberal reforms. In 'What Was Accomplished on Ninth January', Parvus scorned Russian liberals who had exaggerated notions of their own influence and popular support. Lenin and Plekhanov agreed that the revolution would be limited to creating a régime of democratic capitalism. The Bloody Sunday of Ninth January began a new era in Russia's historical destiny. The old order was breaking apart, and a new political formation was rapidly taking shape. Following the overthrow of autocracy in Russia, the capitalist bourgeoisie detached itself from the proletariat. The Russian proletariat created the Russian revolution and it united around itself both the people and society. It was the revolutionary activity of the proletariat alone that caused the other social strata to become revolutionary.

Keywords: capitalist bourgeoisie; Lenin; Ninth January; Parvus; Plekhanov; Russian proletariat; Russian revolution; tsar



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