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Up to the ninth of january (1905)

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Chapter Summary

The theme of Up to the Ninth of January is the political awakening of Russia after the Russo-Japanese war. Parvus, Trotsky's closest political comrade had been engaged in dispute among German Social Democrats over the political use of mass strikes. The year 1905 began in St. Petersburg with the Bloody Sunday of 9th January and the shooting of more than four hundred petitioners on their way to the Winter Palace. The next day workers stayed off their jobs in St. Petersburg and the strike spread to other cities. Up to 9th January zemtsy gathered in Petersburg demanding a constitution and right to vote. 'Osvobozhdentsy' democrats took both tsar and monarchy under their protection. Proletariat was the only revolutionary force that could secure the future of Russia. Throughout Russia every society, organ of self-government and the opposition press was forewarned by the workers that they were preparing an all-Russian political strike.

Keywords: Ninth January; Osvobozhdentsy; Parvus; proletariat; revolution; Russia; St. Petersburg; Trotsky; zemtsy

10.1163/ej.9789004167704.i-684.36
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