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‘The revolution in Russia’1 (28 January, 1905)

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, Luxemburg sketches the relation of class forces in 1905, noting the absence of a revolutionary petty bourgeoisie and excoriating Russian liberalism for its 'pathological weakness and intrinsic cowardice'. The Russian Revolution has the most pronounced proletarian class character of all revolutions. But if one means by the revolution having 'outgrown' Social Democracy that the direction of the proletarian revolution, its strength and the phenomenon itself were a surprise for the politicians; if one means by this expression that in the revolution's stormy course its goals have gone far beyond expectations, then Social Democracy is virtually the only factor in the public life of the tsarist kingdom that the Petersburg events have not 'outgrown' and that is intellectually in full control of the situation. The 22 January has turned the word into flesh and shown the Russian proletariat in an independent political revolution before the entire world.

Keywords: bourgeoisie; Luxemburg; Petersburg; revolution; Russia; Russian proletariat; Social Democracy

10.1163/ej.9789004167704.i-684.42
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