Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

‘The revolution in Russia’1 (28 January, 1905)

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

In this chapter, Luxemburg sketches the relation of class forces in 1905, noting the absence of a revolutionary petty bourgeoisie and excoriating Russian liberalism for its 'pathological weakness and intrinsic cowardice'. The Russian Revolution has the most pronounced proletarian class character of all revolutions. But if one means by the revolution having 'outgrown' Social Democracy that the direction of the proletarian revolution, its strength and the phenomenon itself were a surprise for the politicians; if one means by this expression that in the revolution's stormy course its goals have gone far beyond expectations, then Social Democracy is virtually the only factor in the public life of the tsarist kingdom that the Petersburg events have not 'outgrown' and that is intellectually in full control of the situation. The 22 January has turned the word into flesh and shown the Russian proletariat in an independent political revolution before the entire world.

Keywords: bourgeoisie; Luxemburg; Petersburg; revolution; Russia; Russian proletariat; Social Democracy



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Witnesses to Permanent Revolution: The Documentary Record — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation