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Officials of the jewish community

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Chapter Summary

Like almost every Jewish community, the four Dutch communities of The Hague, Middelburg, Leeuwarden and Oisterwijk employed various officials who were in charge of the - mostly religious - activities and requirements of the community. The number of these officials differed from place to place, since there was a direct link between the differentiation of tasks and the community?s size. All the communities investigated in this chapter employed cantors, teachers, slaughterers and beadles. Sometimes the regulations even obliged communities to employ these officials. The pinkassim of the four communities refer to all these officials, providing evidence of their status within the community, their origins, and their attitudes. Of all the officials attached to a community, the rabbi was of course the most important. The pinkassim also reveal that many officials originated from Eastern Europe.

Keywords: Dutch communities; Jewish community; Leeuwarden; Middelburg; officials; Oisterwijk; pinkassim; rabbi; The Hague



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