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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides concluding remarks for this book, which helps to improve our understanding of the late pan-Ashkenazi Jewish world of early modern Europe in general. Pinkassim clearly provide a useful and indispensable resource for the administrative history of Jewish communities. Despite the limitations of the pinkassim as comprehensive historical sources, they have been shown to reveal a number of previously unknown aspects of the Jewish communities, not least the surprisingly different levels of community administration. For example, the Hague pinkas reveals how the Boas family dominated their community. The Middelburg pinkas shows the serious administrative problems, which were well documented, from a previously unknown internal perspective. Other significant new information includes the regional organisations in the meierij of Den Bosch and possibly also in Friesland, while the pinkassim of The Hague and Leeuwarden show how community ties weakened in the second half of the eighteenth century.

Keywords: early modern Europe; Hague; Jewish communities; late pan-Ashkenazi Jewish world; Leeuwarden; Middelburg; pinkassim



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