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Ethnicity And Government

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Chapter Summary

The designation of Ninglang as a Yi autonomous county in the 1950s came about as an adaptation by the state to local dominance. Struggling to hold its ground in the face of challenges from all directions immediately after the founding of the People?s Republic of China (PRC), the state was compelled to ?enter into pacts with receptive social elements?. The form of local autonomy that emerged allowed the state to extend its influence into frontier society, while at the same time the ethnic elites secured their power base in local society through the offices assigned to them, hence making state and society ?mutually empowering?. In its own way, the county government involves itself in the management of resources. Administered development in the two decades of economic reform has been the result of local adaptation to preferential policies implemented by the central government under the blueprint of regional economic development.

Keywords: ethnic elites; local dominance; Ninglang; People?s Republic of China (PRC); preferential policies; regional economic development; Yi autonomous county



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