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The Kena Upaniṣad

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Chapter Summary

The Kena Upaniṣad belongs to the Sāmaveda. It is also known as the Talavakāra Upaniṣad, because it forms a part of the Talavakāra Brāhmaṇa, which is also known as the Jaiminīya Upaniṣad Brāhmaṇa. The prose portion of the Kena contains a mythological tale of how brahman manifests itself and appears in front of the gods. It is stated that one gains power by one's ātman. The Vedic gods Agni, Vayu, and Indra all appear in the Kena. The Vedic gods Agni, Vāyu, and Indra all appear in the Kena. Umā is the one who explains to Indra that brahman is more powerful than all the gods. The absence of Vedic grammatical forms in all parts of the text and the presence of pre-classical sandhi both in the verse and prose portions, suggests that all parts of the Kena reached their final form at roughly the same time period.

Keywords: ātman; Brahman; Indra; Kena Upaniṣad; Umā



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