Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad (MaU) is closely connected with the Āgama Śāstra, also known as the Kārikā of Gauḍapāda. The central theme in the MaU is the sacred syllable om or aum. This syllable is broken down into three sounds, a, u, and m, which are identified with three states of the ātman: the waking state, the dream state, and deep sleep. The four states of the ātman are referred to as pādas. The MaU has often been considered the most recent among the oldest Upaniṣads. It is extremely difficult to suggest a date of composition for the MaU, as the text is composed in prose and contains no linguistic forms that differ from classical Sanskrit.

Keywords: ātman; Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad (MaU)



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Text and Authority in the Older Upaniṣads — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation