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The Bāṣkalamantra Upaniṣad

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Chapter Summary

The text of the Bāṣkalamantra Upaniṣad (BMU) is quite brief, and consists of 25 triṣṭubh stanzas. The title of this Upaniṣad indicates its affiliation to the Bāṣkala recension of the Ṛgveda. The portrayal of Indra as a divine figure, identical with ātman, seems to be characteristic of the Upaniṣads ascribed to the Ṛgveda. The language of the BMU has been studied by Tsuji. Tsuji's results are presented in an article by Renou, who has little to add to Tsuji's conclusions. The Vedic forms of the BMU are suspect for two main reasons: First, the only archaisms attested in the text are individual Vedic words, rather than grammatical forms or sandhi. Second, the metrical forms found in the BMU are characteristic of the late Upaniṣadic, rather than Vedic period.

Keywords: Ṛgveda; Bāṣkala recension; Bāṣkalamantra Upaniṣad (BMU); Indra; triṣṭubh

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