Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Philosophical And Religious Themesin The Upaniṣads

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

The twin concepts of atman and brahman are the threads that weave the Upaniṣads from the various Vedic schools together. Many of the oldest Upaniṣads occasionally use the term atman in the sense of "body as opposed to "self ". In the early layers of the Ṛgveda, puruṣa simply means "man" or "mortal human being". The association between bráhman and speech is quite significant. Bráhman is said to be the “one imperishable” or “one syllable” in the Khila of the Ṛgveda: bráhmaikam akṣaram. Some scholars have seen mantras as non-linguistic utterances, others as linguistic units or ritual speech acts. The early Upaniṣads and early Buddhism share ideas about the unsatisfying nature of earthly existence, of rebirth, karma, and final release, and of the role of knowledge in the soteriological process. The relative chronology of the Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad and the Bhagavadgītā is more difficult to determine.

Keywords: Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad; Ṛgveda; Bhagavadgītā; brahman; Buddhism; karma



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Text and Authority in the Older Upaniṣads — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation