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The Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad

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Chapter Summary

Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad (KṣU) contains narratives of encounters between wisdom teachers and those seeking knowledge. Ātman is frequently used in the sense of the “inner essence” of a thing or person in the KṣU, and described as annasyātmā, tejasa ātmā, śabdasyātmā, satyasyātmā, vāca ātmā, etc. The KṣU describes brahman as sitting on a throne and holding a conversation with a deceased person. Both Uddālaka Āruṇi and his son Śvetaketu are portrayed in a sympathetic manner in the KṣU. The grammatical forms of the KṣU that differ from classical Sanskrit have parallels in the oldest Upaniṣads.

Keywords: Ātman; brahman; Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad (KṣU); Uddālaka Āruṇi



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