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Chapter Summary

The reformation movement of Brahmo Samaj had an influence on the Hindu orthodoxy that eventually led to the conditional freedom of the Hindu woman. The Muslim patriarch of colonial Bengal, directly influenced by the Middle Eastern Islamic culture, believed in the inherent danger of a woman's sexuality and, therefore, tried to control her by imposing on her various cultural and political constraints. In 1873, Faizunnesa Choudhurani established a school for Muslim girls in Bengal. The British Empire considered Muslims the most hostile community after the rebellion of 1857, and this had a great impact on the social, political and economic conditions of the Muslim society. Brahmo Samaj represented the reformed middle class strata of colonial Bengal. Sexuality in the Bengali Muslim literary texts came mainly in three forms: religiosity, obscenity, and prohibition.

Keywords: Bengali Muslim; Brahmo Samaj ; colonial Bengal; Hindu woman; Middle Eastern Islamic culture



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