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Chapter Summary

After Hassan Al-Bannā, spiritual and organizational leader, and Sayyid Qutb, considered as the ideologue of the movement, other persons also influenced the theoretical foundations of the thought of the muslim brotherhood (MB) and their diffusion throughout the Arab and Muslim world. Muhammad Al-Ghazāli is a religious thinker, a graduate of the Al-Azhar University and a very prolific author. He is respected by many militants for having kept alive the philosophy of the MB even after the death of the movement’s first thinkers. The founder of the Syrian MB was Mustafā Al-Sibāʿī, a professor on the faculty of Islamic law (Sharia) in Damascus and the editor of several well-known magazines. Saʿīd Hawwā was an activist and a thinker, among whose most important writings were Jund Allāh thaqāfatan wa akhlāqan, Hādhihi shahadatī, hādhihi tajribatī, and Tarbiyatunā Ar-Rūhiyyah. Sayyid Sābiq was a sheik of Al-Azhar, and a member of the movement.

Keywords: Hassan Al-Bannā; Muhammad Al-Ghazāli; muslim brotherhood (MB); Mustafā Al-Sibā; Saʿīd Hawwā



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