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Chapter Summary

The prophet Mānῑ, presenting himself as a successor of Buddha, Zoroaster and Jesus, put forward in Shābūrgān - the only Iranian text attributed to him - two main reasons for the decadence and corruption of past religions. The notion of the falsification of sacred scriptures of the past is known from the Qur'ān itself. The Arabs had not established a new religious community of their own when they left their homeland to conquer other territories. The conflicting views seem to indicate that the definitive recording of the Qur'ān in writing was much later than Muslim "orthodoxy" was eventually to claim. Although al- Sayyārῑ was a prominent figure in the early history of Imāmῑ exegetical literature, the biographical information about him is meagre. Broadly speaking, the Kitāb al-qirā'āt belongs within the pre-Buwayhid Imāmῑ school of exegesis.

Keywords: Kitāb al-qirā'āt; Shābūrgān; al- Sayyārῑ; Arabs; prophet Mānῑ; Qur'ān



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