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3. The Evolution of International Boundaries

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the ways by which states created boundaries. First this chapter considers the contrasts and similarities of boundary construction on the world's continents. Second it reviews the procedures by which boundaries have been drawn between adjacent territories. Third it examines the possibilities for the determination of new boundaries in the future. Fourth it provides a case-study of boundary evolution between Thailand and Laos and Cambodia. Jones (1945) follows Lapradelle closely in suggesting four stages of boundary evolution: allocation, delimitation, demarcation and administration. Allocation refers to the political decision on the distribution of territory; delimitation involves the selection of a specific boundary site; demarcation concerns marking the boundary on the ground; and administration relates to the provisions for supervising the maintenance of the boundary. For Demarcation and administration, the process involves marking the delimited boundary, or in some cases the allocated boundary, on the landscape.

Keywords: adjacent territories; administration; allocation; boundary construction; boundary evolution; delimitation; demarcation; Evolution; International Boundaries; new boundaries



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