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Authentication Of The Text

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Chapter Summary

The text of a treaty is established as authentic and definitive: (a) by such procedure as may be provided for in the text or agreed upon by the states participating in its drawing up; or (b) failing such procedure, by the signature, signature referendum or initialling by the representatives of those states of the text of the treaty or of the final act of a conference incorporating the text. The final act is a formal statement of the proceedings of a diplomatic conference, containing basic facts about the conference and appending various relevant documents, such as resolutions and interpretative statements. Interpretation of Article 10 reveals more complexities than immediately meets the eye, for instance, the different functions of signature. In modern treaty practice, authentication constitutes a distinct step in the treaty-making procedure, thus warranting its mention in the convention.

Keywords: authentication; final act; treaty



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