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VII. Southern Africa

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Chapter Summary

Most of the countries in Southern Africa benefited from having democratic political systems. Angola's massive oil revenues, high oil prices, economic growth, access to Chinese and commercial loans, invulnerability to outside or internal pressure plus good relations with the US continued to afford it a good deal of autonomy. Botswana enjoyed political stability. Lesotho's economic performance gained high praise from the IMF. Poverty in Madagascar was both broad and deep. Malawi's economy continues to be predominately agricultural and dependant on climatic conditions. The political situation in Mauritius proved stable. Mozambique is a success story in Sub-Saharan Africa, benefiting from sustained large foreign aid inflows. Namibia enjoyed a positive image abroad. South Africa remained China's most important trade partner on the African continent. The economic performance of Swaziland was sluggish. Zambia has achieved macroeconomic stability and substantial economic growth over a number of years. Zimbabwe's relations with the West remained frosty.

Keywords: Angola; Lesotho; Madagascar; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa; Southern Africa; Zambia; Zimbabwe



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