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Italy and the Treaty Establishing a European Constitution: the Decline of a Middle-size Power?

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Chapter Summary

Despite the positive results of the Convention and also of the IGC negotiations themselves, in the end IGC which began on 4 October 2003 concluded for the first time ever with a failure. In analysing the facts, two sets of actors can be found in the Italian Presidency: the Foreign Ministry and President of the Council Berlusconi. For the first time in leading an IGC, Italy found itself with domestic actors with schizophrenically different agendas about Europe. On one side was Farnesina, continuing with the Italian traditional pro-European policies. On other side were anti-European Ministers of the government. This chapter looks at three different factors: the actors, the aims, the strategies. It introduces Italian actors, aims and strategies for the period under examination. In doing so it introduces such points from a 'general' point of view, before specifically dealing with them in relation to the making of the EU Constitution.

Keywords: EU Constitution; IGC negotiations; Italian Presidency. Foreign Ministry; Italy; President of the Council Berlusconi



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