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The Failed Eu Constitution Referendums: the French Case in Perspective, 1992 and 2005

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an analysis of multiple factors that have intervened in the ratification process of the last two European referendums in France, and discusses the possibility that what at first seems to be the end product of different variables, could instead be the result of many similarities and only a few decisive differences. Three specific areas of relations affect French votes in national referendums. The domestic relationship to the national government is the usually the first place to look when examining the results of a referendum in France. The citizens' long-term attitude towards European integration is usually expected to be the second most relevant variable. The third framework of interpretation of French referendums on European treaties deals with the way individuals perceive others, as the referendum forces voters to decide how to change and/or create a new type of relationship with a new country, people and culture.

Keywords: domestic relationship; EU Constitution Referendums; European integration; European treaties; French referendums; French votes; ratification process



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