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Chapter Summary

Ho Ching-ming did not spend all his time missing his friends in Peking. Although Ho could be breathtakingly rude and thin-skinned in his relations with those of whose character he did not approve, both his works and descriptions of his personality make it clear that in company or at home he was genial and easy-going. Some of his friends in Hsin-yang were former officials living at home in retirement, as he was. Ho's delight in Tai Kuan's success in the 1508 chin-shih examinations was no doubt genuine. But those who had been driven out of office by Liu Chin or who had retired to avoid him may have felt varying degrees of resentment toward those who stayed on in prominent positions. One by one, many of Ho's friends in Peking had resigned, been relegated to provincial posts, or even been driven out of official life altogether by Liu Chin.

Keywords: Ho Ching-ming; Hsin-yang; Liu Chin; Peking; retirement; Tai Kuan



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