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Sus Scrofa, pigs and boars

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Chapter Summary

The most obvious difference between boars and pigs is the coat, which is dark brown to black in boars but ranges in colour from whitish pink to black and patterns thereof. Wild boars are common all over the subcontinent, including Sri Lanka, wherever there is grass or scanty bush jungle, forests or mangrove forest. An early example of a beautiful and realistic stone carving of a wild boar decorates a stupa panel at Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh (third century). One of the earliest examples of a stone sculpture representing the sow-headed mother-goddess Varahi is provided by a panel from North India. On a narrative relief illustrating the Hindu goddess Parvati performing penance from Kathmandu, Nepal (c. sixth to seventh century), a wild boar is present. The setting is supposed to be the alpine landscape of the Himalayas, home of the goddess.

Keywords: pigs; stone carving; Varahi; wild boar

10.1163/ej.9789004168190.i-462.169
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